Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis. The term geophysics sometimes refers only to solid earth applications: Earth's shape; its gravitational and magnetic fields; its internal structure and composition; its dynamics and their surface expression in plate tectonics, the generation of magmasvolcanism and rock formation. However, modern geophysics organizations and pure scientists use a broader definition that includes the water cycle including snow and ice; fluid dynamics of the oceans and the atmosphereelectricity and magnetism in the ionosphere and magnetosphere and solar-terrestrial physics; and analogous problems associated with the Moon and other planets.

Mining Geology provides a proper understanding on various mining terminologies and different methods practised in alluvial, opencast and underground mining according to the type of deposits. These studies also provide basic information on mineral dressing, mining plans and mineral policies. Engineering Geology offers the basic concepts and its application in engineering practices. This course intends to make the students able to identify the suitable sites for different engineering constructions, identify potential geological hazards and manage various structures to prevent and control them.


The course offers proper understanding on various aspects of surface water and groundwater, and covers various aquifer and water quality analyses. The course also deals with well hydraulics, investigation & exploration methods of groundwater, and the causes & remedies for saline water intrusion.  The course has significant role in the planning and implementation of projects related to hydrogeology.