Unit Operations

Introduction, Fundamentals of heat transfer, heat exchange equipments, shell and tube heat exchangers. Conduction, steady state conduction Finned tube (extended surface) heat exchanger, plate heat exchanger, spiral heat exchanger, scraped heat exchanger and air cooled heat exchanger.

Evaporation: types of evaporators, jacketed, horizontal and vertical evaporators, forced circulation evaporations.

Distillation: Raoult’s law and Henry’s law, Azeotropic mixtures, steam distillation, vacuum distillation, fractional distillation. Tray and packed column.

Absorption: Absorption equipments, Tower packing, liquid distribution techniques.

Crystallization: Theory and mechanism of growth of crystals, saturation, nucleation, super saturation (Mier’s theory), classification of crystallizers, agitated tank, Swenson walkers, krystal, oslo, continuous vacuum crystallizers.